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Humans can’t exist alone. Every living being depends on others to live, at the same time, we are all intertwined with the environment. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) endorses this concept unabridged.

The classic book of the yellow emperor the Neijing Suwen reads:

“Since ancient times, the origin of human beings has been connected with heaven and earth. This is the origin of life”.

Stating with no doubt that man is linked to and influenced by changes in his environment. Adapting your lifestyle and diet to changes is one of Chinese Medicine´s best advice to sustain good health. Avoiding seasonal health issues and favoring a strong immune response to infections. In this article we will be explore how to say healthy in summer with Chinese Medicine.

The 5 elements theory

The 5 elements theory or Wu Xing is the philosophical foundation of traditional Chinese medicine and culture. Sometimes called “The Law of 5 the changes”, this concept arose by observing nature’s transformations. It is a way of ordering one big universal force in 5 domains. Each one is ruled by one of the fundamental elements.

  • Fire
  • Earth
  • Metal
  • Water
  • Wood

These elements shape us as human beings and play a part in the natural balance of our bodies. Their excesses or deficiencies will have an impact on our health. Our main goal should be to ensure harmony and balance among these 5 forces within our body.


During the summer solstice the Sun’s rays hit the Earth at a steep angle pointing out the beginning of summer. It is the hottest season of the year and, accordingly, fire will be its ruling element.

Fire burns upwards. In correlation, summer is about rising. Temperature rises; water evaporates and goes up, high temperatures cause objects to expand. Summer brings expansion, growth, and transformations. It is a life burst.

This time of the year represents the peak in yang energy. Let’s look at the direct relationships that MTC finds with summer:

  • Element:Fire
  • Color:Red
  • Energy Type: Utmost Yang
  • Organs: Heart and Small Intestine
  • Sense organ:Tongue
  • Emotion:Joy


The Heart and Small Intestine organ system are predominant during Summer. The small intestine separates food’s nutrients, from waste. These nutrients’ energy influences directly the good quality of the blood. The heart’s bioelectric function is to pump it to all levels of the body, an easier task with high-quality blood. Understand the importance of consuming good and strong energy foods.

For TCM, the heart is also where the soul dwells. So the heart is also responsible for spiritual well-being, mental functions, memory, and the awareness of being. When the mind is calm the fire element is in balance. The heart is strong and healthy, thoughts will be clear and sleep is restful.

Indicators of an imbalance in the fire element can be:

  • Insomnia
  • Palpitations
  • Excessivesweating
  • Irritability, anxiety, restlessness,nervousness
  • Depression alternated with states of madness
  • Speak excessively, incoherent, and very
  • Stuttering
  • Inappropriate
  • Heartburn
  • Gastroesophagealreflux


The five elements law dictates the existence of a fifth season known as Late Summer. This concept has existed since the era of the roman empire, they name it “Dog Days”, and defines a period of excessive heat in the last 20 to 18 days before the season ends.

The fifth season is ruled by the Earth element, and the spleen and stomach are the related organs. These two are the most vulnerable during summer and late summer. Their natural energy has a downward direction, earthward. This collides with summer´s ascending momentum, so they tend to fall into disharmony and cause problems if it is not prevented with good eating habits.

Some may lose their appetite while others experience episodes of fullness or diarrhea.

The extraction of nutrients from food is the stomach’s bioenergetic role. After the stomach digests the nutrients, the spleen converts them into energy, which it then transports throughout the body.

When the fire energy gets out of control it can “burn” the stomach and spleen, spoiling their functions. Then the digestive system will give heat related problems such as:

  • Acid reflux (burning sensation -fire- in the stomach)
  • Stomach flu with fever
  • Vomiting
  • Exaggerated hunger
  • Halitosis

Excess heat in the late summer causes a rise in humidity, in both, the environment and the human body. Known in TCM as dampness. If this dampness in the body is not released, for example, by physical exercise, it may lead to problems such as:

  • Indigestion or slow digestions
  • Bad Assimilation
  • Swelling
  • Bloating
  • Constipation

The spleen also has an important role in blood production. If this ability is affected by excessive heat or dampness, it becomes an underlying cause of:

  • Anemia
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Small spots of bleeding in the skin and easy bruising


According to Joerg Kastner in his book Chinese Nutrition Therapy, the summer heat “reduces body fluids and damages the yin.”

Taking this into account, the first recommendation is to drink lots of fresh water.

Change your diet to one that is high in water-rich foods and low in solids and dry foods. More fruits, fresh vegetables, salads, and not fried or over cooked meals. As well as more colorful and smaller meal portions.

Foods with fresh and cold properties (yin) will be the most recommended as they can eliminate heat, reduce toxins and generate more body fluids. This will help your body balance out the season’s extreme yang.

Yin (“cold energy”) foods that can help: 

Tomatoes, apples, pears, watermelon, honey dew melon, cantaloupe, cucumber, chrysanthemum, yam, sweet potatoes, pearl barley, millet, mung beans, seaweed, fresh fish, shellfish and lemons are some of the freshest.

Be careful with meat as most meat products heat up.

Green tea, black tea, mint, dandelion, gentian, red vine, witch hazel, horse chestnut, butcher’s broom, blueberry, black currant, and ginkgo leaf infusions are highly recommended.


To prevent summer diseases and stay in balance with the high temperatures, ancient Chinese doctors advised us to:

  • Wake up early in the morning
  • Go to bed later at night
  • Rest at noon
  • Keep hydrated
  • Refrain from anger; keep calm

Other useful tips for the summer season are:

  • Keep a pitcher of water with lemon slices and cucumber with you, and drink throughout the day.
  • Eat in moderation. Consuming too much of any food, can lead to indigestion and possibly diarrhea.
  • Don’t Leave your food out of the fridge for too  Hot weather tends to increase food spoilage.
  • Stay away from dairy, heavy, fatty and fried foods.
  • Do activities that bring you joy and put you in a fluid state.
  • Participate in creative projects.

Get personalised advice from our TCM specialists! For free!

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* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We can’t guarantee the treatment result, as the symptoms of conditions are unpredictable and vary greatly from person to person. The treatment length and recovery time also varies for individual. Please visit our clinics website: GinSen where a specialists will discuss your care and provide a consultation, and the treatment will be designed to meet your individual needs.

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